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Microwave assisted oil production by esterification of palm

Microwave assisted oil production by esterification of palm

  • Microwave-assisted Biodiesel Production by Esterification

    In this study, the production of biodiesel through microwave-assisted esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) was studied experimentally as well by means of a simulation.

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  • Microwave-assisted Biodiesel Production by Esterification

    Microwave-assisted Biodiesel Production by Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate J. Oleo Sci.63, (9) 849-855 (2014) 851 The FFA conversion reaction was then calculated based on

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  • Microwave‐Assisted Methyl Ester Production from Palm Fatty

    Jul 15, 2015· An efficient microwave‐pulse width modulation (microwave‐PWM) batch reactor with controlled temperature and power was fabricated for biodiesel production. Microwave‐assisted acceleration of the esterification rate of palm fatty acid distillate using a sulfonated‐glucose solid acid catalyst (glucose‐SO 3 H) is described.

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  • 发布位置:Chemical Engineering & Technology · 2015:Ibrahim M Lokman · Ibrahim M Lokman · Umer Rashid · Yun Hin Taufiqyap从属关系: Universiti Putra Malaysia · Universiti Teknologi Mara关于:Biodiesel production
  • Microwave assisted transesterification of rapeseed oil

    Hernando et al. worked on microwave assisted transesterification of rapeseed oil and 92% of biodiesel was achieved in the presence of 1.3% NaOH after 5 min reaction time . Saifuddin and Chua obtained 87% of biodiesel conversion by microwave heating and reduced the reaction time from 75 min to 4 min . In the present study 93.7% of biodiesel

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  • Preparation and Characterisation of Microwave Assisted

    In this work, the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) over microwave assisted chlorinated glucose catalysts was investigated. PFAD is being chosen due to its lower cost compared to palm oil and stable its properties.

    Get Price
  • Microwave-assisted biodiesel production by esterification

    In the current research work, effect of microwave irradiation energy on the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) to produce PFAD methyl ester/biodiesel was intensively appraised. The PFAD is a by-product from refinery of crude palm oil consisting >85% of free fatty acid (FFA). The esterification reaction process with acid catalyst is needed to convert the FFA into fatty acid...

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  • Cited by: 19
  • Microwave-assisted biodiesel production by esterification

    In the current research work, effect of microwave irradiation energy on the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) to produce PFAD methyl ester/biodiesel was intensively appraised. The PFAD is a by-product from refinery of crude palm oil consisting >85% of free fatty acid (FFA). The esterification reaction process with acid catalyst is needed to convert the FFA into fatty acid...

    Get Price
  • Microwave‐Assisted Methyl Ester Production from Palm Fatty

    An efficient microwave‐pulse width modulation (microwave‐PWM) batch reactor with controlled temperature and power was fabricated for biodiesel production. Microwave‐assisted acceleration of the esterification rate of palm fatty acid distillate using a sulfonated‐glucose solid acid catalyst (glucose‐SO 3 H) is described.

    Get Price
  • 发布位置:Chemical Engineering & Technology · 2015:Ibrahim M Lokman · Ibrahim M Lokman · Umer Rashid · Yun Hin Taufiqyap从属关系: Universiti Putra Malaysia · Universiti Teknologi Mara关于:Biodiesel production
  • PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROWAVE-

    via microwave assisted method for esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) to biodiesel. Preparation of the catalyst was done by varying its power levels (high 800W), medium high 560W, medium low 240W and low 80W). Characterizations of the catalyst were

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  • Enzymatic synthesis of biodiesel from palm oil assisted by

    Aug 18, 2012· Abstract. Optimal conditions for enzymatic synthesis of biodiesel from palm oil and ethanol were determined with lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens immobilized on epoxy polysiloxane–polyvinyl alcohol hybrid composite under a microwave heating system. The main goal was to reduce the reaction time preliminarily established by a process of conventional heating.

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  • Preparation of solid acid catalysts from biomass and

    Preparation of solid acid catalysts from biomass and their application for microwave-assisted biodiesel production from palm oil Show all authors. and CH can be used for catalyst preparation and microwave-assisted biodiesel production from WPO. Keywords Biodiesel, carbon-based Esterification of sludge palm oil as a

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  • Review of Heterogenous Microwave Irradiation Assisted

    Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Waste Vegetable Oil Assisted by Co-Solvent and Microwave Using a Two-Step Process, Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems 3, 1-6. Lin, J and Chen, Y (2017) Production of biodiesel by transesterification of Jatropha oil with microwave heating, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 75

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  • Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of Microwave-Assisted

    at 4th position worldwide [4,5]. An estimated oil production is approximately 0.32 lakh tons per annum [6]. In literature, conventional heat source was explored for esterification and transesterification of raw oil [7]. However, kinetic study of microwave-assisted transesterifi-cation of oil is not yet reported in literature.

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  • Esterification and transesterification assisted by

    Esterification and transesterification assisted by microwaves of crude palm oil. Heterogeneous catalysis. P.C. Mazo † and L.A. Ríos ‡ † Grupo Procesos Fisicoquimicos Aplicados, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia. [email protected]

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  • 发布位置:Latin American Applied Research · 2010:P C Mazo · L A Rios从属关系: University of Antioquia
  • Batch Esterification of Free Fatty Acid in Crude Palm Oil

    Batch Esterification of Free Fatty Acid in Crude Palm Oil with Ethanol Assisted by Ultrasonic Irradiation One of the obstacles in transesterification of crude palm oil (CPO), a raw material in biodiesel production, is its free fatty acid (FFA) content which causes formation and lowers the ester yield.

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  • Esterification of Microwave Induced Pyrolytic Oil from

    Abstract. In this study, microwave induced pyrolytic oil from sago bark (SB) was subjected to esterification to improve its properties. Improvement on properties of the pyrolytic oil was performed via esterification with ethanol and the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.

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  • Production of Biodiesel from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate by

    Production of Biodiesel from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate by Microwave-Assisted PFAD is a byproduct from the refining of crude palm oil and abundantly available. Esterification of PFAD to biodiesel will production by using PFAD. In 2007, palm oil supplied

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  • Preparation and Characterisation of Microwave Assisted

    biodegradable, renewable and sulphur free. In this work, the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) over microwave assisted chlorinated glucose catalysts was investigated. PFAD is being chosen due to its lower cost compared to palm oil and stable its

    Get Price
  • Production of ethyl ester from crude palm oil by two-step

    Original Article Production of ethyl ester from crude palm oil by two-step reaction using continuous microwave system Kittiphoom Suppalakpanya1*, Sukritthira Ratanawilai 2, Ruamporn Nikhom2, and Chakrit Tongurai 1 Faculty of Agro Industry, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80240, Thailand.

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  • Microwave assisted to biodiesel production from palm oil

    Biodiesel (methyl esters) production from vegetable oil has commonly used. This study has the objective to produce biodiesel from palm oil assisted microwaves system in reaction time and material feeding frequency variations. Heating using a microwave is a quick and simple because it just takes several minutes or seconds that the biodiesel process production takes place.

    Get Price
  • Esterification of Microwave Induced Pyrolytic Oil from

    Abstract. In this study, microwave induced pyrolytic oil from sago bark (SB) was subjected to esterification to improve its properties. Improvement on properties of the pyrolytic oil was performed via esterification with ethanol and the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.

    Get Price
  • Production of Biodiesel from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate by

    Production of Biodiesel from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate by Microwave-Assisted PFAD is a byproduct from the refining of crude palm oil and abundantly available. Esterification of PFAD to biodiesel will production by using PFAD. In 2007, palm oil supplied

    Get Price
  • Production of ethyl ester from crude palm oil by two-step

    Original Article Production of ethyl ester from crude palm oil by two-step reaction using continuous microwave system Kittiphoom Suppalakpanya1*, Sukritthira Ratanawilai 2, Ruamporn Nikhom2, and Chakrit Tongurai 1 Faculty of Agro Industry, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80240, Thailand.

    Get Price
  • Microwave assisted to biodiesel production from palm oil

    Biodiesel (methyl esters) production from vegetable oil has commonly used. This study has the objective to produce biodiesel from palm oil assisted microwaves system in reaction time and material feeding frequency variations. Heating using a microwave is a quick and simple because it just takes several minutes or seconds that the biodiesel process production takes place.

    Get Price
  • Microwave-assisted biodiesel production by esterification

    In the current research work, effect of microwave irradiation energy on the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) to produce PFAD methyl ester / biodiesel was intensively appraised. The PFAD is a by-product from refinery of crude palm oil consisting >85% of free fatty acid (FFA).

    Get Price
  • ESTERIFICATION AND TRANSESTERIFICATION ASSISTED

    ESTERIFICATION AND TRANSESTERIFICATION ASSISTED BY palm oil, microwave, homogeneous catalysis. profiles and also is beneficial environmentally (Fangrui and Mil-ford, 1999). In Colombia, the prospects for the production of en-ergy sources are focused on the oil palm, where our

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  • 2. MICROWAVE-ASSISTED PYROLYSIS OF OIL PALM SHELL

    solid char production) by controlling the heating rate and the residence time for the process (Bridgewater, 2011). An alternative to the conventional heating commonly used during pyrolysis is the use of microwave radiation which is gaining many advantages in s management and other MICROWAVE-ASSISTED PYROLYSIS OF OIL PALM SHELL BIOMASS

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  • Preparation and Characterisation of Microwave Assisted

    biodegradable, renewable and sulphur free. In this work, the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) over microwave assisted chlorinated glucose catalysts was investigated. PFAD is being chosen due to its lower cost compared to palm oil and stable its

    Get Price
  • Microwave-Assisted Alkaline Pretreatment and Microwave

    is to expand the current state of knowledge on microwave-based pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass and microwave assisted enzymatic reaction or Microwave Irradiation-Enzyme Coupling Catalysis (MIECC). In the present study, a comparison of microwave assisted alkali pretreatment was tried using Oil Palm empty fruit bunch. The microwave as-

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  • Esterification of Microwave Pyrolytic Oil from Palm Oil

    Microwave pyrolysis is a potential for producing alternative fuel from biomass, such as palm kernel shell (PKS). However, the resulting microwave pyrolytic oil (bio-oil) was highly acidic and has low calorific value and therefore must undergo additional process to improve the physicochemical properties. In this study, attempt was made to improve the pH and calorific value of bio-oil produced

    Get Price
  • A review on microwave-assisted production of biodiesel

    biodiesel production [11]. In microwave assisted biodiesel production unit, the reactants such as vegetable oil, alcohol and catalyst were mixed using suitable stirring device and heated by the microwave heat source. The reactants are subjected to the microwave irradiation for the required reaction time of few min.

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  • Production of Triacetin by Microwave Assisted

    Preparation of biodiesel from micro and palm oil by direct transesterification in a batch microwave reactor. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. IOP Publishing. Marwan, M., Indarti, E. (2016). Hydrated calcined Cyrtopleura costata seashells as an effective solid catalyst for microwave-assisted preparation of palm oil biodiesel.

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  • Factors affecting delignification of oil palm empty fruit

    "Factors affecting delignification of oil palm empty fruit bunch by microwave-assisted dilute acid/alkali pretreatment," BioRes. 10(1), 588-596. Abstract Microwave-assisted dilute acid/alkali pretreatment is an efficient and rapid method of removing lignin and hemicellulose, however, the optimized parameters for the maximum efficiency have to

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  • Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil energytoday.net

    In their investigation the authors analyzed the factors that influence microwave-assisted biodiesel production from palm oil. This included microwave power, irradiation time, and reactor pressure. The response surface method was then used to optimize the reaction conditions. The conversion for the 6:1 methanol/oil molar ratio and 1% catalyst

    Get Price
  • Esterification of Microwave Pyrolytic Oil from Palm Oil

    Microwave pyrolysis is a potential for producing alternative fuel from biomass, such as palm kernel shell (PKS). However, the resulting microwave pyrolytic oil (bio-oil) was highly acidic and has low calorific value and therefore must undergo additional process to improve the physicochemical properties. In this study, attempt was made to improve the pH and calorific value of bio-oil produced

    Get Price
  • A review on microwave-assisted production of biodiesel

    biodiesel production [11]. In microwave assisted biodiesel production unit, the reactants such as vegetable oil, alcohol and catalyst were mixed using suitable stirring device and heated by the microwave heat source. The reactants are subjected to the microwave irradiation for the required reaction time of few min.

    Get Price
  • Production of Triacetin by Microwave Assisted

    Preparation of biodiesel from micro and palm oil by direct transesterification in a batch microwave reactor. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. IOP Publishing. Marwan, M., Indarti, E. (2016). Hydrated calcined Cyrtopleura costata seashells as an effective solid catalyst for microwave-assisted preparation of palm oil biodiesel.

    Get Price
  • Factors affecting delignification of oil palm empty fruit

    "Factors affecting delignification of oil palm empty fruit bunch by microwave-assisted dilute acid/alkali pretreatment," BioRes. 10(1), 588-596. Abstract Microwave-assisted dilute acid/alkali pretreatment is an efficient and rapid method of removing lignin and hemicellulose, however, the optimized parameters for the maximum efficiency have to

    Get Price
  • Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil energytoday.net

    In their investigation the authors analyzed the factors that influence microwave-assisted biodiesel production from palm oil. This included microwave power, irradiation time, and reactor pressure. The response surface method was then used to optimize the reaction conditions. The conversion for the 6:1 methanol/oil molar ratio and 1% catalyst

    Get Price
  • FTIR Analysis for Quantification of Fatty Acid Methyl

    Abstract—Biodiesel was produced by microwave-assisted production, in which a short chain alcohol reacts with the oil in a stirred tank to produce the alkyl esters of fatty acids studied the transesterification of palm oil in a microwave-irradiated reactor. The results indicated that the

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  • The improvement of sugar and bioethanol production of oil

    Abstract. Microwave assisted maleic acid (MA) pretreatment is a potential method for biomass processing. The aim of the present study was to determine the optimum conditions for pretreatment of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) for bioethanol production, as well as to understand the changes of functional groups in the pretreated OPEFB.

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  • Kinetics of transesterification of palm oil under

    Sep 15, 2016· Read "Kinetics of transesterification of palm oil under conventional heating and microwave irradiation, using CaO as heterogeneous catalyst, Fuel" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thous of academic publications available at your fingertips.

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  • A Review of Microwave-Assisted Reactions for Biodiesel

    understanding regarding microwave energy and microwave-assisted biodiesel production for novice researchers in the biodiesel area. 2. Biodiesel Production Biodiesel, or fatty acid alkyl ester (FFAE), is made up of methyl or ethyl esters produced from vegetable oil or fat. It is well-known to be an alternative sustainable fuel source to

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  • Microwave Assisted Biodiesel Production from Trap Grease

    microwave irradiation to determine the best fatty acid esterification conditions. These conditions were then applied in the conversion of trap grease (brown grease) to biodiesel. The trap grease is a potential feedstock for biodiesel production, due to its low cost and easy esterification. In this

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  • 发布位置:Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society · 2014:Paulo S R Fernandes · Luiz E P Borges · Carlos Eduardo Garcao De Carvalho · Rodrig从属关系: Instituto Militar De Engenharia · Universidade Federal Do Acre关于:Biofuel · Methanol · Biodiesel · Renewable energy · Irradiation · Bioenergy
  • A Review on Methods of Transesterification of Oils and

    reaction. Reaction time was reduced to 60 seconds with palm oil, 5 to 10 minutes in case of non-edible oils of Honge and Jatropha where their respective conversion in conventional method was 1 hour and 1 to 2 hours. Biodiesel produced by microwave assisted

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  • Use of Powdered Cordierite as a Transesterification

    Use of Powdered Cordierite as a Transesterification Catalyst in Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Palm Biodiesel. Abstract: This paper introduced a better solution to accelerating the production of biodiesel from cooking oil by using suitable acidic and alkaline catalysts in a two-stage catalytic reaction. Under a condition of

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  • Microwave-Assisted Esterification of Tall Oil Fatty Acids

    Microwave-Assisted Esterification of Tall Oil Fatty Acids with Methanol Using Lignin-Based Solid Catalyst. the catalytic esterification of fatty acids in tall oil with methanol to produce fatty acid methyl esters under microwave irradiation was performed at 100 °C for 10–60 min. Production principle of tall oil fatty acid methyl

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  • Production of Methyl Ester from Coconut Oil using

    ester is relatively very low. By using microwave irradiation trans-esterification reaction with heterogeneous catalysts, it is expected to be much faster and can give higher yields. Therefore, we studied the production of methyl ester from coconut oil using CaO catalyst assisted by microwave.

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